DEFINITIONS

Definitions and Information specific to EHS and Operations Management in Real Estate​

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a non-governmental international organization with a membership of 164 national standards bodies. ISO's mandate is to gather global experts to develop International Standards. Some of the best known standards include:

  • ISO 9000 Quality Management-  a standard to help organizations document and continually improve their quality management practices
  • ISO 14001 Environmental Management – a standard to help organizations manage their environmental responsibilities
  • ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety – a standard to help organizations reduce occupational injuries and diseases
  • ISO 50001 Energy Management – a standard for helping organizations manage their energy performance

ISO 14001

ISO 14001 is a practical set of tools developed by the International Organization of Standards for companies of any type that require a system to manage their environmental responsibilities. The objective of the standard is for an organization to establish an Environmental Management System that is fully integrated with the operational processes of the business. The five key elements of the process are:of

  • Development of an Environmental Policy

  • Planning how the policy will be fully integrated with the business operations

  • Implementation and Operation the day to day of the policies

  • Checking the effectiveness of the policies and identifying opportunities for improvement

  • Management Review to ensure adherence to the policy at all levels in the organization

The principal of Continual Improvement is fundamental to the Environmental Management System. This can take the form of improved communications and employee awareness, increasingly stringent environmental performance, and more effective emergency planning and response programs. In 2019  ISO 14005 was added to assist smaller organizations with implementing ISO 14000 in a phased approach.

ISO 14005

ISO 14005:2019 provides a systematic approach to environmental management that is geared towards small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The standard recognizes that SMEs usually lack a formal system and shows how organizations can implement an Environmental Management System using a phased approach to ultimately meet the requirements of ISO 14001.

ISO 45001

ISO 45001 is global standard for management systems of occupational health and safety, published in March 2018 by the International Organization of Standards. The standard provides a framework for organizations to manage the risks of worker illnesses and injuries.  ISO 45001 builds on the old OHSAS 18001 standard, but there are also two fundamental differences. First, IS0 45001 is founded on a top-down commitment to safety, holding C-suite executives accountable for worker wellness. Second, the standard emphasizes a risk management approach by requiring organizations to proactively identify sources or situations that have the potential to cause harm. 

  • Development of an Occupational Health and Safety Policy

  • Planning how the policy will be fully integrated with the business operations

  • Implementation and Operation the day to day of the policies

  • Checking the effectiveness of the policies and identifying opportunities for improvement

  • Management Review to ensure adherence to the policy at all levels in the organization

The principal of Continual Improvement is fundamental to the Environmental Management System. This can take the form of improved communications and employee awareness, increasingly stringent health and safety performance, and more effective emergency planning and response programs.

Environmental Management System (EMS)

An Environmental Management System is a set of procedures and tools that company puts in place to effectively manage their environmental affairs. The International Organization of Standards has developed a practical set of tools to assist organizations in developing an EMS in the form of ISO 14001 and ISO 14005.

Environmental Management Information System (EMIS)

An Environmental Management Information System is a software system that a company puts in place to effectively manage their environmental affairs. The Refined Data platform is an example of an EMIS. An EMIS is a valuable component of an Environmental Management System and underpins the implementation of ISO 14001 and ISO 14005.

Occupational Health & Safety Management System (OHSMS)

An Occupational Health and Safety Management System is a set of procedures and tools that company puts in place to effectively manage the occupational health and safety of their workers. The International Organization of Standards has developed a practical set of tools to assist organizations in developing an OHSMS in the form of ISO 45001.

Occupational Health & Safety Information Management Information System (OHSMIS)

An Occupational Health and Safety Management Information System is a software system that a company puts in place to effectively manage their occupational health and safety affairs. The Refined Data platform is an example of an OHSMIS. An OHSMIS is a valuable component of an an Occupational Health and Safety Management System and underpins the implementation of ISO 45001.